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Jerusalem's Mosques

תאריך: 13/08/2012 11:52   מחבר: 1

Jerusalem is the third most sacred city in Islam, and is therefore an important pilgrimage site for Muslims. One of the holiest sites for Muslims in Jerusalem is the al-Haram ash-Sharif, a site in the Old City that includes the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock (Qubbat as-Sakhrah). But there are several other important sites and mosques in the city for Muslims, some of which are listed here:

Foundation Stone: Referred to as Even haShetiya in Hebrew and as Sakhrah in Arabic, this stone is the rock at the heart of the Dome of the Rock. It is the third Jerusalem Mosquesholiest site in Islam, as well as the holiest site in Judaism. 

Muslims believe that this is the stone the Prophet Muhammad stepped upon in order to rise to the heavens and receive a message from Allah, also known as the Journey of Al-Israa.

Muslims refer to the entire area surrounding the rock as Al-Haram Al-Qudsi.

Jews believe that the Foundation stone, located at Israel capital Jerusalem, is the oldest part of the earth and the originator, or foundation, of the entire world.

Dome of the Chain: Located next to the Dome of the Rock, this small dome is named after the legend that King Solomon once hung a chain from its roof. Those who made false oaths while holding the chain would allegedly be struck by lightning.

The small structure probably served as a treasury, although some believe that it was built as a model for the Dome of the Rock.

Mosque of Omar: Built on the site where the Caliph Omar prayed outside of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher out of respect for the Christian site’s unique status, this mosque dates back to the late 1100s.One of the landmarks of the mosque is a 15-meter tall minaret built sometime before the 1400s.  

Al-Khanqah al-Salahiyya Mosque: Located in the Christian Quarter of the Old City, this mosque became a convent for Sufi mystics in the late 1100s when the Crusaders surrendered Jerusalem to Salah al-Din. Its minaret dates back to around 1417.